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API RP 1162:2010 pdf download

API RP 1162:2010 pdf download.Public Awareness Programs for Pipeline Operators.
Communication with the affected public, emergency, and public officials in proximity to major facilities (such as storage facilities, compressor or pump stations) may include information on the purpose of the facility and the categories of products stored or transported through it.
6.10 Potential Hazards
Operators should provide a broad overview of potential hazards.
General information about pipeline hazards may be communicated, while also assuring the stakeholder audience that accidents are relatively rare. Information about the general product release characteristics and potential hazards that could result from an accidental release of hazardous liquids or gases from the pipeline or distribution system should be included in the message. The operator may reference how stakeholders may obtain more information regarding products transported.
6.11 Prevention Measures
Operators may provide a broad overview of the measures operators undertake to prevent or mitigate pipeline incidents. This message should also reinforce how the stakeholder audience can play an important role in preventing third-party damage and ROW encroachments.
The message includes a general overview of the preventive measures undertaken by the operator in the planning, design, operation, maintenance, inspection, and testing of the pipeline. The causes of pipeline failures, such as third- party excavation damage, corrosion, material defects, and events of nature, should also be communicated.
6.12 ROW Encroachment
Some ROW encroachments increase the chance of third-party damage and inhibit the operator’s ability to perform critical activities. Operators should communicate that, in order to conduct surveillance, routine maintenance and inspections, the operator must be able to access the ROW, as provided in the easement agreement. The operator should also indicate that to ensure access for maintenance and during emergencies the area must be clear of trees, shrubs, buildings, fences, structures, or any other encroachments. Operators point out that the landowner has the obligation to respect the pipeline easement by not placing obstructions or encroachments there, and that maintaining an encroachment-free ROW is essential for pipeline integrity and safety.
Operators should consider communicating with local authorities regarding effective zoning and land use requirements/restrictions that protect existing pipeline ROWs from encroachment. Communications with local land use officials may include consideration of the following:
— how community land use decisions (e.g. planning, zoning, etc.) impact community safety;
— requiring prior authorization from easement holders in the permit process so that construction/development does not impact the safe operation of pipelines;
— requiring pipeline operator involvement in road widening or grading, mining, blasting, dredging, and other activities that impacts the safe operation of the pipeline.
Residents, excavators, and land developers should be directed to contact the pipeline operator if there are questions concerning the pipeline or the ROW. Major projects may further require early coordination with the pipeline operator. These audiences should also be informed that they may be required by state law to provide at least 48 hours advance notice, more in some states, to the appropriate One Call Center prior to performing excavation activities.
6.13 Special Emergency Procedures
Procedures should be communicated to specific stakeholder audiences if the pipeline contains product that, when released, could be immediately hazardous to health (e.g. high concentrations of H25, benzene, anhydrous ammonia, etc.). Where appropriate, this should include product information, steps to take in an emergency, how to contact the facility operator, and where to find other relevant information. State regulations may have different communication requirements.Operators may want to provide notification andlor evacuation information toresidents.
6.14 Special lncident Response Notification and Evacuation Measures
Operators may want to provide notification and/or evacuation information to residents near liquid or natural gasstorage or other major operational facilities along transmission lines. Where appropriate,this should includeproduct information, steps to take in an emergency, how to contact the facility operator, and where to find otherrelevant information.
7 Delivery Frequencies and Methods
Delivery frequencies and methods refer to how often and in what ways public awareness information is presentedto stakeholder audiences. While this RP does not mandate a specific baseline delivery method, it does identifybaseline delivery frequencies. The summary tables in Annex A set forth delivery methods and baseline delivery frequencies.


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