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API RP 75:2004(R2013) pdf download

API RP 75:2004(R2013) pdf download.Recommended Practice for Development of a Safety and
Environmental Management Program for Offshore Operations and Facilities.
The management program should establish procedures to identify and control hazards associated with change and rnnirnain the accuracy of safety inkwmation. A fcility is subject to continual change to increase efticieney, improve operability and safety. accommodate technical innovation, and implement mechanical improvements. On occasion, temporary repairs. connections, bypasses. or other modifications may be made out of operating necessity. Any of these changes can introduce new hazards or compromise the safeguards built into the original design. Care must be taken to understand the process, facility, and personnel safety and environmental implications of any changes. Although some changes may be minor with little likelihood of compromising safety or environmental protection. all changes may have the potential for disruption. injury, or business loss.
Change in facilities arises whenever the process or mechanical design. as described in Section 2. is altered. Change in facilities may also occur as a result of changes in produced fluids, process additives, product specifications. byproducts or waste products, design inventories, instrumelitation and control systems. or materials of construction. Typical instances in which change in facilities would likely occur include the following:
a. Construction of new production or process facilities.
h. New facility projects that involve production or proces.s tie-ins to existing facilities, equipment reconfiguration. or modification of existing facilitieslequipment.
c. Modification of existing facilities that result in changes to ficility or equipment design. structural support. layout. or configuration.
d. Projects to increase facility throughput or accommodate different produced fluids.
e. Significant changes in operating conditions, including pressures. temperatures. flow rates, or process conditions different from those in the original process or mechanical design.
f. Equipment changes.. including the addition of new equipn ni or rn(xliflcations of existing equipment. These can include changes in alarms, instrumentation, and control schemes.
g. Modifications of the process or equipment that cause changes in the facility’s pressure relief requirements. These can include increased process throughput. operation at higher temperatures or pressures. increased size of equipment. or the addition of equipment that might contribute to greater pressure relief requirements.
h. Bypass connections around equipment that is normally in service.
i. Operations outside the scope of current written operating procedures, including procedures for start-up. normal shutdown, and emergency shutdown.
j. Changes made in the process or mechanical design or in operating procedures that resLill from a hatards analysis pert rmed as described in Section 3. “llaiards Analysis.”
k. Introduction of new or dillcrcnt process chemicals (for example. corrosion control agents. anti-foulants. anti-foam agents), drilling muds or workover/completion fluids
I. Change in facilities may include mechanical changes that would not necessarily appear on a proccss and instrument diagram. including drilling and construction equipment and temporary connections or replaced components that are “not in kind,” such as:
I. Replacement equipment or machinery that difTers in
specifications from the original equipment or previously
approved modification.
2. Temporary piping. connections, pipe repairs. or hoses.
3. An alternate supply of process materials, catalysts, or
reactant, such as temporary tanks or drums located
within the facility.
4. Temporary electrical equipment or utility connections.
other than t& emergency situations.
5. Modifications to drilling diverter system that have not
been previously approved.
6. Modifications to blowout preventers (BOPs that have
fbi been previously approved.
7. Modifications to drilling top drives that have not been
previously approved.
Change in personnel, including contractor personnel, as appropriate, occurs whenever there is a change in the organization or in personnel that supervise or operate the tcility. Routine personnel vacancies and replacements, rotation, and shift or tour changes are addressed in operating procedures. safe work practices. and training established in accordance with Sections 5. 6. 7. and 10 and should not require additional management of change action.


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